Split ends. It’s one of the most annoying hair problems that leaves us in complete despair! Thankfully, with the right attention and care, split ends can be treated and prevented too, says MONA PUNJABI
‘Split ends’, as the name implies, occur when the ends of the hair split due to damage or weather conditions. Split ends come in multiple types and each type is like a roadmap to your damaged hair. Sounds distressing, doesn’t it? Fret not, for here’s a low-down on the causes and solutions to six most common types of split ends, along with some special care and nourishment.
This is the commonest type of split end; no wonder it’s called The Basic. Resembling the alphabet ‘Y’, this usually indicates an early stage of split ends development where the cortical cells are still coupled together but larger hair sections are beginning to split. Easily identifiable, this one sends a silent message that your hair is yearning for some TLC.
Friction, everyday wear and tear, dryness and insufficient hair care
- Use a deep nourishing conditioner for your hair.
- Up the intake of zinc-enriching foods in your diet.
- Befriend a good quality split end mender to repair and protect your tresses.
This split type is ‘mini’ and indicates the very early stages of the Basic type of split development. Fortunately all is not lost when this one appears! Also, here the damage is easily reversible provided you take some immediate steps on the hair nourishment front.
Over brushing, strain, friction
- Go for a hair sealing and nourishment treatment.
- Ensure that you are using dollops of hair conditioner.
- Protect your hair from UV sun exposure.
The curly hair type generally encounters this kind of a split end. Here the curls entangle themselves or loop around
other hair strands and create small knots at the end thereby causing hair breakage when you brush at that spot.
Extreme dryness, rough detangling
- Invest in a good quality wide-toothed brush which makes it easy to detangle your curls.
- Indulge in regular hair spas.
- Use a satin pillow or satin bonnet while sleeping to prevent excessive friction.
- Be extra careful while brushing your hair so as to avoid breakage.
As the name suggests, this split end type resembles the branches of a tree and signifies comprehensive hair damage. This primarily happens because extra harm has occurred on one side of the hair fiber than the other side, causing several branches of the cortical cells to fall apart from the main strand. It indicates that you need to use various hair protectant products.
Excessive weathering, over-usage of heat styling tools
- A trim is first step to address this.
- Limit the usage of heat styling.
- Avoid harsh brushing.
The deadliest of them all! This type indicates excessive damage to your hair shaft which causes multiple splits along the main strand. The feather split is a common occurrence on colour treated or bleached hair.
Frequent chemical colouring, irregular or lack of hair trimming
- Ensure that you maintain adequate gaps between your hair colour treatments.
- Go for regular trims.
- Avoid experimenting with hair styles. Tie up your hair in a bun to ensure minimum friction.
Here, the split hasn’t technically appeared but significant amount of the outer cuticle has already undergone tear and damage. Since the hair thinning happens at the ends, the hair starts to look like a candle (with the thin end representing a candle’s wick and the rest of the strand looking like the candle’s body). If you notice this split type, it’s time to make a trip to your salon so your stylist can make recommendations of treatments or cuts needed based on your hair type and texture.
Excessive chemical exposure, over brushing of wet hair
- A trim is most essential to manage this.
- Pamper your hair with a relaxing coconut oil massage.
- Nourish the tips of your hair with an oil-infused hair mask.